What is Cervical Cancer? it’s Symptoms and Prevention
Cervical cancer affects the entrance to the uterus (womb). The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. In America, more than 11,000 women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer each year. Having many sexual partners or becoming sexually active early is a risk factor. Survival rates are good if cervical cancer is caught early. Symptoms include bleeding between periods and after sex. To know more details about Cervical cancer such as " What is Cervical Cancer? it's Symptoms and Prevention " you can read the whole article carefully, in this article we mentioned all the necessary details about Cervical Cancer.
What is Cervical Cancer? it's Symptoms and Prevention
To get the whole detailed information about Cervical Cancer such as " What is Cervical Cancer? it's Symptoms and Prevention " you can read the given details about Cervical Pain which is provided below...
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer : There are some symptoms of Cervical Cancer, with the help of these symptoms you can easily find that you have cervical cancer, and these symptoms are given below..
- Bleeding between periods
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Bleeding in post-menopausal women
- Discomfort during sexual intercourse
- Smelly vaginal discharge
- Vaginal discharge tinged with blood
- Pelvic pain
These symptoms can have other causes, including infection. Anyone who experiences any of these symptoms should see a doctor.
Causes of Cervical Cancer : Cancer is the result of the uncontrolled division and growth of abnormal cells. Most of the cells in our body have a set lifespan and when they die, new cells are produced to replace them. Abnormal cells can have two problems such as "they do not die" and "they continue dividing"
However, there are some risk factors that are known to increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. These risk factors include:
- HPV (human papillomavirus) - A sexually transmitted virus. There are more than 100 different types of HPVs, at least 13 of which can cause cervical cancer.
- Many sexual partners or becoming sexually active early - cervical cancer-causing HPV types are nearly always transmitted as a result of sexual contact with an infected individual. Women who have had many sexual partners generally have a higher risk of becoming infected with HPV, which raises their risk of developing cervical cancer.
- Smoking - Smoking is also a cause of developing many cancers, including cervical cancer.
- A weakened immune system - such as in people with AIDS, or transplant recipients taking immunosuppressive medications.
- Long-term mental stress - women who experience high levels of stress over a sustained period may be less able to fight off HPV. A study from the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2016 supported this. Principal investigator Dr. Anna-Barbara Moscicki said: "Women who reported self-destructive coping strategies, like drinking, smoking cigarettes or taking drugs when stressed, were more likely to develop an active HPV infection."
- Giving birth at a very young age - women who give birth before the age of 17 are significantly more likely to develop cervical cancer compared with women who have their first baby after the age of 25.
- Several pregnancies - women who have had at least three children in separate pregnancies are more likely to develop cervical cancer compared to women who have never had children.
- Contraceptive pill - long-term use of some common contraceptive pills slightly raises a woman's risk.
- Other sexually transmitted diseases (STD) - women who become infected with chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
- Socio-economic status - studies in several countries have revealed that women in deprived areas have significantly higher rates of cervical cancer.
Treatment of Cervical Cancer : There are some treatments options include in cervical Cancer such as surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or combinations of these. Deciding on the kind of treatment depends on several factors, such as the stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's age and state of health.
Treatment for early stage cervical cancer - cancer that is confined to the cervix - has a good success rate. The further the cancer has spread out of the area it originated from, the lower the success rate tends to be.
Some Treatments for Cervical Cancer are given below..
- Early stage cervical cancer treatment options
- Treatment for advanced cervical cancer
- Cervical cancer clinical trials
Prevention of Cervical Cancer : There are some tips to reduce the risk of Cervical Cancer and these tips are given below..
- Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine : The link between the development of cervical cancer and some types of HPV is clear. If every female adheres to current HPV vaccination programs, cervical cancer could potentially be reduced.
- Safe sex and cervical cancer : The HPV vaccine only protects against two HPV strains. There are other strains which can cause cervical cancer. Using a condom during sex helps protect from HPV infection.
- Cervical screening : Regular cervical screening will make it much more likely that signs of cancer are picked up early and dealt with before the condition can develop, or spread too far. Screening does not detect cancer but detects changes to the cells of the cervix.
- Having fewer sexual partners : The more sexual partners a woman has, the higher the risk of transmitting the HPV virus, which can lead to a higher likelihood of developing cervical cancer.
- Delaying first sexual intercourse : The younger a female is when she has her first sexual intercourse, the higher the risk of HPV infection. The longer she delays it, the lower her risk.
- Stop smoking : Women who smoke and are infected with HPV have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer than people who do not.