What is Anemia? it’s Symptoms and Prevention
Anemia is due to lack of hemoglobin in the blood which is below the normal level or due to less than normal levels of red blood cells in blood. The hemoglobin helps carry oxygen in blood. The normal level of hemoglobin is generally different in males and females. For men, a normal hemoglobin is typically defined as a level of more than 12.0 gram/100 ml. These definitions may vary slightly depending on the source and the laboratory reference used. To know all about anemia "What is Anemia? it's Symptoms and Prevention" you can read the whole article carefully...
What is Anemia? it's Symptoms and Prevention
To get the whole detailed information about anemia you can read or check the given information about anemia which is provided below...
Symptoms of Anemia :
Some patients with anemia who has no symptoms, It is worth noting that if anemia is longstanding (chronic anemia), the body may adjust to low oxygen levels and the individual may not feel different unless the anemia becomes severe. On the other hand, if the anemia occurs rapidly (acute anemia), the patient may experience significant symptoms relatively quickly, and even with relative mild fluctuations of hemoglobin levels, who has the anemia symptoms these are as follow as below..
- They feel Tired.
- Fatigue easily
- Appear pale
- Develop palpitations (feeling of heart racing)
- Become short of breath
- Hair loss
- Malaise (general sense of feeling unwell)
- Worsening of heart problems
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Types of Anemia : Seven types of Anemia are given below..
- Iron Deficiency Anemia
- Aplastic anaemia
- Haemolytic anaemia
- Sickle cell anaemia
- Pernicious anaemia
- Fanconi anaemia
Causes of Anemia : Any process that can disrupt the normal life span of a red blood cell may cause anemia. Normal life span of a red blood cell is typically around 120 days. Red blood cells are made in the bone marrow. Anemia is caused essentially through two basic pathways. Anemia can be caused by these reasons which is given below..
- A decrease in production of red blood cells or hemoglobin
- An increase in loss or destruction of red blood cells.
A more common classification of anemia (low hemoglobin) is based on the Mean Corposcular Volume (MCV) which signifies the average volume of individual red blood cells.
- If the MCV is low (less than 80), the anemia is categorized as microcytic anemia (low cell volume).
- If the MCV is in the normal range (80-100), it is called a normocytic anemia (normal cell volume).
- If the MCV is high, then it is called a macrocytic anemia (large cell volume).
Looking at each of the components of a complete blood count (CBC), especially the MCV, a physician can gather clues as to what could be the most common reason for anemia in each patient.
Prevention of Anemia : To prevent anemia you can read given instructions which is given below..
- In order to prevent Anemia Eat, healthy and balance diet with rich in iron .
- Reduce tea and coffee because they make it harder for your body to absorb iron.
- Increase Vitamin C in your diet it may help iron absorption to your body.
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Treatment of Anemia :
- The treatment of the anemia varies greatly. First, the underlying cause of the anemia needs to be identified and corrected. For example, anemia as a result of blood loss from a stomach ulcer should begin with medications to heal the ulcer. Likewise, surgery is often necessary to remove a colon cancer that is causing chronic blood loss and anemia.
- Sometimes iron supplements will also be needed to correct iron deficiency. In severe anemia, blood transfusions may be necessary. Vitamin B12 injections will be necessary for patients suffering from pernicious anemia or other causes of B12 deficiency.
- In certain patients with bone marrow disease (or bone marrow damage from chemotherapy) or patients with kidney failure, epoetin alfa (Procrit, Epogen) may be used to stimulate bone marrow red blood cell production.
- If a medication is thought to be the culprit, then it should be discontinued under the direction of the prescribing doctor.
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