Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements or a decrease in the form of stool (greater looseness of stool). Although changes in frequency of bowel movements and looseness of stools can vary independently of each other, changes often occur in both. Diarrhea should not be confused with the frequent passing of stools of normal consistency – this is not diarrhea. Diarrhea is characterized by abnormally loose or watery stools. To know all about Diarrhea such as ” What is Diarrhea? it’s Symptoms and Prevention ” you can read the whole article carefully.
What is Diarrhea? it’s Symptoms and Prevention
In Diarrhea most cases of diarrhea are caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can cause chronic diarrhea. Anti-diarrheal medications can reduce diarrheal output and zinc supplement is effective in children. Some nutritional and probiotic interventions may be effective against diarrhea. To know more about Diarrhea such as ” What is Diarrhea? it’s Symptoms and Prevention ” you can read the given details about Diarrhea which is provided below..
Symptoms of Diarrhea : There are some symptoms of Diarrhea, some of those symptoms of Diarrhea are provided below..
- Stomach pain can be sign of Diarrhea Symptom
- Abdominal cramps is also a symptom of Diarrhea
- Bloating is also a symptom of Diarrhea
- In Diarrhea thirst also a symptom of Diarrhea
- Weight loss is also a symptom of Diarrhea
- In Diarrhea Fever is a common symptom of Diarrhea.
Causes of Diarrhea : There are some causes of Diarrhea, which is provided below…
- Parasitic organisms
- Microscopic colitis – usually affects older adults. The persistent diarrhea is often during the night.
- Malabsorptive and maldigestive diarrhea – the first is caused by impaired nutrient absorption, the second by impaired digestive function. Celiac disease is one example.
- Chronic infections – a history of travel or antibiotic use can be clues to chronic diarrhea; various bacteria and parasites can be the cause.
- Drug-induced diarrhea – the obvious cause is laxatives, but a list of other drugs can also lead to diarrhea including antibiotics.
- Endocrine causes – sometimes hormones are the cause, for example, in conditions including Addison disease and carcinoid tumors.
- Cancer causes – neoplastic diarrhea is associated with a number of gut cancers.
Treatments of Diarrhea : There are some treatments of Diarrhea, which is provided below…
- Fluids can be replaced by simply drinking more fluids, or they can be received intravenously in severe cases. Children and older people are more vulnerable to dehydration.
- Oral rehydration solution/salts (ORS) – this is water that contains salt and glucose. It is absorbed by the small intestine to replace the water and electrolytes lost in the stool. In developing countries, ORS costs just a few cents; the World Health Organization (WHO) says ORS can safely and effectively treat over 90 percent of non-severe diarrhea cases).
- Oral rehydration products are available commercially – for example Oralyte and Rehydralyte. Zinc supplementation may reduce the severity and duration of diarrhea in children.
OTC antidiarrheal medicines are also available:
- Loperamide (Imodium, for example) is an antimotility drug that reduces stool passage.
- Bismuth subsalicylate (for example, Pepto-Bismol) reduces diarrheal stool output in adults and children and may be a safer alternative to loperamide. This drug can also be used to prevent traveler’s diarrhea.
There is some concern that antidiarrheal medications could prolong bacterial infection by reducing the removal of pathogens via stools.
Antibiotics are only used to treat diarrhea caused by a bacterial infection. If the cause is a certain medication, switching to another drug might be possible.
Prevention of Diarrhea : There are few steps which you should follow to reduce the risk of Diarrhea, and these steps are provided below….
- Drink clean/safe water
- Good sanitation (toilets and sewerage, for example)
- Handwashing with soap – after defecation, after cleaning a child who has defecated, after disposing of a child’s stool, before preparing food, and before eating
- For mothers with young babies, breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life
- Good hygiene practices – both personal hygiene and in the kitchen
- Education on the spread of infection
There is evidence that interventions from public health bodies to simply promote hand washing can cut diarrhea rates by about one-third.