Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways that makes breathing difficult. In asthma, there is inflammation of the air passages that results in a temporary narrowing of the airways that carry oxygen to the lungs. This results in asthma symptoms, including coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. If it is severe, asthma can result in decreased activity and inability to talk. Some people refer to asthma as “bronchial asthma.” To know all about asthma disease ” What is Asthma? it’s Symptoms and Prevention “you can read the whole article carefully. In this article we are provided all the details and information about Asthma…
What is Asthma? it’s Symptoms and Prevention
To know everything about ” What is Asthma? it’s Symptoms and Prevention “, you can see the given information which is provided below such as it’s symptoms, prevention, causes and treatment etc..
Symptoms of Asthma : Asthma is characterized by inflammation of the bronchial tubes with increased production of sticky secretions inside the tubes. People with asthma experience symptoms when the airways tighten, inflame, or fill with mucus. Common asthma symptoms are given below in points you can read or see them…
- Coughing, especially at night is the most common of Asthma disease.
- Shortness of Breath
- Chest tightness, pain, or pressure
Not all people who have asthma have these symptoms. Likewise, having these symptoms doesn’t always mean that you have asthma. The best way to diagnose asthma for certain is to use a lung function test, a medical history (including type and frequency of symptoms), and a physical exam.
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Causes of Asthma : Many things can trigger or worsen asthma symptoms. Your doctor will help you find out which things (sometimes called triggers) may cause your asthma to flare up if you come in contact with them. Some causes of Asthma disease are given below..
- Allergens from dust, animal fur, cockroaches, mold, and pollens from trees, grasses, and flowers.
- Irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals or dust in the workplace, compounds in home décor products, and sprays (such as hairspray)
- Medicines such as aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and nonselective beta-blockers
- Sulfites in foods and drinks
- Viral upper respiratory infections, such as colds
- Physical activity, including exercise
Asthma is different for every person. Some of the triggers listed above may not affect you. Other triggers that do affect you may not be on the list. Talk with your doctor about the things that seem to make your asthma worse.
Prevention of Asthma : While there’s no way to prevent asthma, by working together, you and your doctor can design a step-by-step plan for living with your condition and preventing asthma attacks.
Here are given some prevention of Asthma disease..
- Follow your asthma action plan
- Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia.
- Identify and avoid asthma triggers
- Monitor your breathing
- Identify and treat attacks early
- Take your medication as prescribed
- Pay attention to increasing quick-relief inhaler use
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Treatment of Asthma : There are different types of Asthma treatment which is given below…There are two types of asthma medicines: long-term controllers and quick-relievers. The difference between these can be confusing. That’s why you need to understand what each type of medicine does and how they help your asthma. It’s also important to learn how to use each medicine correctly. Always take your medicines and follow your health care provider’s instructions.
Long-Term Control Medicines : Long-term control medicines help you prevent and control asthma symptoms. You may need to take this type of medicine every day for best results. There are several kinds of long-term control medicines:
- Inhaled corticosteroids prevent and reduce airway swelling. They also reduce mucus in the lungs. They are the most effective long-term control medicines available. Corticosteroids are not the same as anabolic steroids that are taken by some athletes and banned in many athletic events.
- Inhaled long-acting beta agonists open the airways by relaxing the smooth muscles around the airways. If used, this type of medicine should always be taken in combination with an inhaled corticosteroid.
- Combination inhaled medicines contain both an inhaled corticosteroid and a long-acting beta agonist. If you need both of these medicines, this is a convenient way to take them together.
- Omalizumab (anti-IgE) is given every 2 or 4 weeks as a shot. This medicine prevents you from reacting to allergic triggers. It does this by blocking the antibody that causes allergies. Anti-IgE is a very expensive medicine. It usually is only prescribed if other asthma medicines have not controlled your asthma.
- Leukotriene modifiers are taken in pill or liquid form. This type of medicine reduces swelling inside the airways and relaxes smooth muscles.
- Cromolyn sodium is an inhaled non-steroid medicine. It prevents airways from swelling when they come into contact with an asthma trigger.
- Theophylline comes as a tablet, capsule, solution and syrup to take by mouth. This medicine helps open the airways by relaxing the smooth muscles.
- Oral corticosteroids are taken in pill or liquid form. This medicine may be prescribed for the treatment of asthma attacks that don’t respond to other asthma medicines. They also are used as long-term therapy for some people with severe asthma. Corticosteroids are not the same as anabolic steroids taken by some athletes and banned in many athletic events.
Quick-Relief Medicine : There are some quick-Relief medicine for Asthma treatment, which is provided below..
- Short-acting beta agonists are inhaled and work quickly to relieve asthma symptoms. These medicines relax the smooth muscles around the airways and decrease swelling that blocks airflow. These medicines are the first choice for quick relief of asthma symptoms.
- Anticholinergics are inhaled but act slower than the short-acting beta agonist medicines. These medicines open the airways by relaxing the smooth muscles around the airways. They also reduce mucous production.
- Combination quick relief medicines contain both an anticholinergic and a short-acting beta agonist. This combination comes either as an inhaler or nebulizer for inhalation
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